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Where is Sikkim Located ?
Once a small kingdom ruled by Kings in North Eastern part of Indian Sub Continent. Sikkim became a part of India only in the year 1972. Nestled in the Indian Himalayas, this small state is bordered by Nepal to the West, Tibet to the North, Bhutan to the East and Indian State of West Bengal to the South. The Invading Gorkhas called it Sikhim or crested while the Tibetans called it Denzong, valley of rice. A part of the Eastern Himalayan Range, most of the landscape in Sikkim from the sub- tropical to alpine like zone falls in the Himalayas. Gangtok is the capital city and this is where all the major administrative offices are located.
What is Sikkim Famous for ?
Sikkim, the ultimate destination for adventure offers a plethora of trekking trails and hiking options for an intrepid traveler. Trekking in Sikkim range from two days in the rural countryside to a couple more days in the Himalayas. One will find a variety of treks that take around a week or less to complete over easily accessible routes and range across a variety of regions within Sikkim exploring local cultural areas.
Noted for it’s rich bio-diversity and as well for being home to Mount Kanchenjunga, the highest mountain in Indian Himalayas and the third highest peak in the world. Almost 35% of the area in Sikkim is covered by rich forests of the world heritage Kanchenjunga National Park. This small state in Indian Himalayas is a favourite place to rejuvenate and relax amidst its tranquil Himalayan surrounding.
It is also famous for it’s trekking destinations, high altitude lakes and captivating Himalayan Scenery. Since, most of it’s land fall in the Himalayas, it provides some of the most interesting Trek routes in Indian Himalayas. Goechala Pass Trek, ranked sixth strenuous trek in Indian Himalayas is one such trek. Highlights of Goechala Pass Trek is Goechala Pass at the foot of Mt.Kanchenjunga at an altitude of 4990m. Similarly Yuksom Dzongri Ridge Trek a short trek in Sikkim Himalayas or Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek a long strenuous trek is what Sikkim is famous for.
Apart from Trekking and Tours, this small state is also famous for Monasteries and Pilgrim destinations for both Buddhist and Hindus. Pemayangtse Monastery and Tashiding Monastery are the two holiest and famous monasteries, a pilgrimage centre for Buddhist. The Char Dham Temple is equally an important place for Hindu Pilgrims.
Language, Religion and Culture
It is basically a Buddhist state but is tolerant to other religions too. Buddhists comprises a large chunk of the population, followed by Hindus, Christians and other minor religion. But modern Sikkim is multilingual and multiethnic. English, Hindi, Nepali and Lepcha languages are the official language. Nepali is the local dialect and widely spoken. English is also spoken and understood by all.
What is the best time visit Sikkim ?
It is open to travellers all the year round but the best time to visit Sikkim is from March to May when the weather is mild and sunny. September to November is another season for the crystal clear views of the Kanchenjunga Range and also for it’s mild weather.
Is it safe to visit Sikkim ?
It is totally safe to visit and travel in this small state. Even when the border issue with China was taking place in North Sikkim and there was problems in Darjeeling, in the neighbouring state of west Bengal, there was no issues for travellers travelling in Sikkim.
What are the documents required to travel and Trek in Sikkim ?
Foreign Visitors will require an Inner Line Permit over and above the Indian Visa to Travel and Trek in Sikkim. The Inner Line permit will be issued for a period of thirty days and cannot be renewed. The Inner line Permit is readily available on arrival in India. The Inner Line Permit will be issued at the Sikkim House in Delhi, Kolkata, Siliguri and the inter- state police check post at Rangpo and Melli. Foreign Nationals will have to fill in a form and submit the same with a copy of the Passport, Indian Visa and three Passport photos attached with the same. Indian Nationals do not require any permits, unless if you are travelling to resticted areas for which you require special permits to travel in Sikkim.
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